Kill Your Television!
by A.C. Staff
Television isolates people from their environment,
from each other, and from their own senses. We know
that it is an accepted truth about brainwashing that
the subjects are unusually susceptible to suggestion.
When you are watching TV you are experiencing mental
images, and these mental images are not yours.
Because the rest of your capacities have been subdued,
and the rest of the world dimmed, these images are
likely to have an extraordinary degree of influence.
Am I saying that TV is a brainwashing device? YES!
There is no question but that someone is speaking into
your mind, influencing you to do something. First-
Keep watching, Second- Believe what you are told,
Third- Buy something.
According to the latest Mental Health Alert poll, an
amazing 9 out of 10 people say they actually believe
what they see on television to be an accurate
representation of reality. Experts agree that results
of recent studies show people who watch more TV are
prone to paranoia, emotional distress and multiple
personality syndrome (MPS). Many report being unable
to distinguish between television and real life.
Others say they feel like they are being "manipulated",
and report almost uncontrollable urges to imitate
behavior they have viewed on TV.
The greatest educator in the world today is not the
school, or the church, or even the home. It is the
TELEVISION! A youngster who graduates from high school has spent
approximately 50% more time in front of the television
than in the classroom.
Sex, according to the networks and Hollywood, is
basically an activity one indulges in whenever and
wherever one desires. Close monitoring of how sex is
handled on the networks easily confirms this.
Monitoring done by the Coalition For Better Television
of prime-time network television over a five-year
period confirms that approximately 80 percent of all
allusions to sex are bewteen people not married to
Television continues to have an amazing grip on the
average person. Studies have shown that the TV is on
nearly one-third of each day in the average home and
that millions of people say watching the tube is their
favorite pastime. In one of the latest studies on TV
habits, pollsters ABC, Epcott and A.C. Nielsen
revealed that TVs are on more than 7 hours a day in
the average American home. Viewers during their daily
TV watching are exposed to some 135 commercials. That
means that during the course of one year, the average
person will have chalked up 2,520 hours of TV viewing
including nearly 50,000 commercials.
Neil Postman of New York University. He says, "What
television does is to bring the whole culture out of
the closet, because programs need a constant supply of
new and exciting stimulation. In its quest for new and
sensational ventures to hold its audience, TV must
delve into every existing taboo and destroy every
moral standard in our culture: Homosexuality, incest,
divorce, fornication, corruption, adultery, occultism,
satanism, and terrible displays of violence and
In this generation, there is a plague which is taking
it's toll on the moral standards of women, and that
plague is the porno-tinged disease known as SOAP
OPERAS Soap operas have over the years grown
progressively more permissive, more oriented towards
the new morality and have implanted into the minds of
millions the mentality that promiscuity is okay and
that everyone is doing it. The everyday episodes on
the soaps convince women that they do not have to
maintain fidelity to their husbands but that they
should have and "afternoon affair" to add excitement
and adventure to their lives. Such nonsense has
permeated the average woman's views of sex, fidelity,
morality, faithfulness, etc.
The place of women has traditionally been "keepers at
home", unfortunately if any women are left at home
these days they have become "peepers at home",
constantly feeding off of a diet of vicarious
enjoyment through other people's sex lives, personal
problems and emotional distress in the form of "Talk
Shows". The talk show viewing crowd actually comes
from every spectrum of life as viewers are captivated
daily by the lust, deceit, outrageous conversations
and wicked deeds of the talk show hosts and guests. So
enthralled are viewers with the sordid love tales,
kinky sex habits and personal vendettas of others that
they actually become addicted to this constant diet
of mind numbing filth.
Every sick, kinky, unclean lifestyle becomes a valid
topic of conversation, from lesbian love triangles,
transvestites modeling underwear and animal sex, to
vampires who are addicted to drinking human blood,
nothing is too rude, vulgar or dimented for the modern
Fantasies of murder, robbery, rape, adultery, and
destruction of every type find their outlet through TV.
The number of shows that promote violence committed
against women and the homosexual lifestyle are the
devil's panaceas for the frustrated male ego. The men,
who have long ago given up any idea of true godly
manhood, sit in front of the television, receiving
their daily dose of perverted and sadistic cheap
thrills. And the devil smirks in glee, for he knows
that he has them hopelessly clutched in his claws of
destruction. And as the children imitate their parents
examples, little do these men realize that their sons
won't just watch what they see on TV, but they will do
what they see... and the old man will wonder why his
son is going to prison, never stopping to consider
that the son learned his lessons on his father's knee
in front of the television!
I know that television can be a baby sitter that will
free the parent from close supervision. I know that it
is easier to turn children over to the clutches of the
television than it is to create a wholesome activity
for them. I know that it is easier to yield to the
pressures of: 1) the neighbors all have one, so why
not me? and 2) my children will grow up to be backward
and slow in their studies, and 3) they will resent
me in the future for not providing them with a
television. But I have found that none of these
arguments stand up to the TRUTH. 1) There are many
things the neighbors do that I don't wany my children
to do. 2) I have found that a lack of television is no
impediment to children's scholastic achievement or
sociological development. 3) Children usually do not
resent parents not having a television if they feel that they are
sincere. I cannot shirk my responsibility as a parent.
I can't afford to have a TV.
According to Tokyo correspondent Peter Hazelhurst, Miyazaki had
murdered three nursery school pupils (all under the age of five) in a
gruesome ritual similar to scenes from horror movies.
Professor Keigo Okonogi (Psychiatry at Keio University) commented on
the case: "... in the mind of Miyazaki, the real world and the
fantasy world were probably exchanged. I guess he thought that his
victims were dolls or characters in movies he had seen." (Cf.
"Straits Times", 18 August 1989).
The Miyazaki case was not the only one of its kind in Japan. Under
the heading "Crimes forcing Japanese to examine pornography" the
"Asian Wall Street Journal" quoted extensively from a police report
about a number of teenage boys admitting to abducting, raping and
torturing a high school girl before killing her and encasing her
body in concrete. The killers told investigators they got ideas for
most of their actions from an adult video. In this context the
newspaper quotes a member of a women's action group: "Adult videos
serve as textbooks for rape."
According to "The Jakarta Post" (8 September 1993), the Indonesian
minister of education and culture, Wardiman Djojonegoro, laid the
blame for the upsurge of youth delinquency, particularly schoolyard
brawls, on violence on television. The minister was quoted as saying:
"Every day, our children are being subjected to films filled with
No written media can do that. And crime rate in the far east is
nothing compared to the US.
Aggression Among Children
In 1960, a psychology professor at Yale University, Dr. Leonard Eron,
began a study on the causes of aggression among children.  He
questioned families about the amount of television watched by their
children. Ten years later, Dr. Eron interviewed the same families. He
was surprised to learn that what he called "the best predictor of
aggression" among the boys who were then in their late teens, related
to the amount of TV violence they had watched a decade earlier. 
1. Leonard Eron, Relationship of TV Viewing Habits and Aggressive
Behavior in Children, 67 J. Abnormal and Soc. Psychology 193-96
2. Leonard Eron, Parent-Child Interaction, Television Violence and
Aggression of Children 27 American Psychologist 197-211, (1982).
George Gerbner, Dean Emeritus of Communications, University of
Pennsylvania, who is recognized by many as the dean of research into
violence on television has documented these statistics: "We have
scenes of violence an average of six times per hour in prime time in
the evening. In children's programming there are between 20 and 25
times violent scenes per hour."
Research done by George Gerbner and others has shown that the average
North American watches 10,000 hours of violent entertainment before
the age of 21, and witnesses 36,000 murders before attaining the
In a review prepared for the Department of Canadian Heritage on the
effects of TV violence on children of different ages, Wendy Josephson
pointed out that the viewing patterns children establish as toddlers
will influence their viewing habits throughout their lives. Josephson
noted that "children who are exposed to television violence may
become desensitized to real life violence, may come to see the world
as a mean and scary place, or may come to expect others to resort to
physical violence to resolve conflicts." She added that the effects
of television violence lead "at risk" children to be even more
aggressive than they would otherwise be. 
1. Jospehson, Wendy., Television Violence: A review of the Effects on
Children of Different Ages, published by the Department of Canadian
Heritage, February 1995.
Violence In Society
Eron (1992) in his recent Congressional testimony:
"There can no longer be any doubt that heavy exposure to televised
violence is one of the causes of aggressive behavior, crime and
violence in society. The evidence comes from both the laboratory and
real-life studies. Television violence affects youngsters of all
ages, of both genders, at all socio-economic levels and all levels of
intelligence. The effect is not limited to children who are already
disposed to being aggressive and is not restricted to this country.
The fact that we get this same finding of a relationship between
television violence and aggression in children in study after study,
in one country after another, cannot be ignored. The causal effect of
television violence on aggression, even though it is not very large,
exists. It cannot be denied or explained away. We have demonstrated
this causal effect outside the laboratory in real-life among many
different children. We have come to believe that a vicious cycle
exists in which television violence makes children more aggressive
and these aggressive children turn to watching more violence to
justify their own behavior." (p. 1)
Impact Of Television Violence
John P. Murray, Ph.D
Professor and Director
School of Family Studies and Human Services
Kansas State University
"... All of these reports confirm the harmful effects of media
violence on the behavior of children, youth, and adults who view such
...violence in weekend children's programs reached 30.3 violence
episodes per hour in the 1982-83 season (Gerbner & Signorielli,
1990). Overall, the levels of violence in prime-time programming have
averaged about five acts per hour and children's Saturday morning
programs have averaged about 20 to 25 violent acts per hour.
A recent survey by the Center for Media and Public Affairs (Lichter &
Amundson, 1992) identified 1,846 violent scenes broadcast and
cablecast between 6 a.m. to midnight on one day in Washington,
What are the effects of this exposure to these levels of televised
violence? The weight of evidence from correlational studies is fairly
consistent: viewing and/or preference for violent television is
related to aggressive attitudes, values and behaviors...
It seems clear from experimental studies that one can produce
increased aggressive behavior as a result of either extended or brief
exposure to televised violence...
...The overall results indicated that children who were judged to be
initially somewhat aggressive became significantly more so as a
result of viewing the Batman and Superman cartoons...
...Finally, the 22-year longitudinal study (Huesmann, Eron, Lefkowitz
& Walder, 1984)--a follow-up to the earlier Lefkowitz et al. (1972)
study--has found significant causal-correlations (r = .41) between
violence viewing at age eight and serious interpersonal criminal
behavior at age 30...
most researchers would agree with the conclusion contained in the
report by the National Institute of Mental Health (1982), which
suggests that there is a consensus developing among members of the
research community that "...violence on television does lead to
aggressive behavior by children and teenagers who watch the programs.
This conclusion is based on laboratory experiments and on field
studies. Not all children become aggressive, of course, but the
correlations between violence and aggression are positive. In
magnitude, television violence is as strongly correlated with
aggressive behavior as any other behavioral variable that has been
The Tyranny Of The Urgent
Where Do Children Fit on Our Priority List?
Karen Ruth Effrem, M.D.
Center of the American Experiment
"The average school-age child watches numbing (or not-so-numbing)
hours of television every day, yet we are told by the media that what
children watch is only fiction and has no effect on them.56 The
slightest effort to protest economically or otherwise reduce the
countless acts of gratuitous sex and violence portrayed on
television and in the movies is met with cries of censorship and
fascism. What none of these guardians of the First Amendment have
been able to explain, however, is how advertisers will somehow spend
a million dollars for 30 or 60 seconds of air time to sell their
products, but violence during periods 60 to 240 times that long make
no impression on vulnerable children.
The entertainment industry has become much more responsible in recent
years about not portraying cigarette smoking and the consumption of
alcohol and drugs as glamorous. They are to be commended. Should they
not take the same attitude about portrayals of violence particularly
against women and children?"
no longer let "prime-time television assail children with mindless
sit-coms and soap operas that present materialism and unrelenting
self-gratification as the only goals worth pursuing."
Allow A Stranger
Into Your Home
"Homes should be havens for children, not a
place where they can become easy prey to
those who would exploit and abuse them or
where tranquil personalities can be induced
to display violent mood swings. "You may
feel assured that your child will never
become violent despite a steady diet of TV
mayhem," said a U.S. university professor
addressing parents. "But you cannot be
assured that your child won't be murdered or
maimed by someone else's child, reared on a
similar diet." Then he urged: "Limiting
children's exposure to TV violence should
become part of the public health agenda,
along with safety seats, bicycle helmets,
immunisations and good nutrition."
If you would not allow a stranger to come
into your home and use abusive language and
talk obscenely to your child about sex and
violence, then do not allow radio and
television to be that stranger. Know when to
turn it off or to change the channel. Know
what your child is watching, both on
television and on the computer, even in the
privacy of his room. If he knows his way
around the computer and the networks
available to him, you may be shocked to
learn what his nightly diet comprises. If
you do not approve of what your child is
watching, just say no and explain why. He
will not die if he is restricted."
A Sure Recipe For A Violent Child
In a major effects-related study conducted by Robert Liebert and
Robert Baron ("Short-Term Effects of Televised Aggression on
Children's Aggressive Behavior") they found that viewing a violent
scene increased the willingness of children to be an aggressor in a
laboratory situation. Liebert, summarizing the research from his own
and other studies within the Surgeon General's Report and 54 earlier
experimental studies, concluded that children who view media
depictions of aggression that is rewarded, subsequently become more
violent in their own behavior.
Monroe Lefkowitz and his associates ("Television Violence and Child
Aggression: A Follow-up Study") conducted a 10-year longitudinal
study that found the television habits that an 8-year-old boy had
established would influence his aggressive behavior throughout his
childhood and into his adolescent years. The more violence an
8-year-old boy watched, the more aggressive his behavior would be at
age 8 and at age 18. The link between his television viewing at 8 and
his aggressive behavior at 18 was even stronger than the link between
his television watching at 8 and his aggressive behavior at 8.
Carefully controlling for other variables, Lefkowitz and his
associates concluded that viewing media violence regularly seemed to
lead to aggressive behavior.
General's Report" is six-volume work which includes both extensive reviews of the
relevant existing literature and specially commissioned research. The
project was managed by the U.S. Surgeon General and coordinated and
administered by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). An
advisory committee composed of distinguished scholars was created to
draw conclusions from the earlier research and the
specially commissioned papers.
Content analysis in the Surgeon General's Report was again provided
by George Gerbner. He compared programming in 1969 with the results
of the analyses he had completed for 1967 and 1968. Again, he applied
both a quantitative and qualitative analysis. One important
conclusion of his work was the lack of reality in television
violence. The people, relationships, settings, places and times of
television violence, he argued, all differed dramatically from those
in real life.
In Senate hearings looking at the committee's conclusions, the
Surgeon General himself, Jessie Steinfeld, expressed his view:
"While the Committee report is carefully phrased and qualified in
language acceptable to social scientists, it is clear to me that the
causal relation between televised violence and antisocial behavior is
sufficient to warrant appropriate and immediate remedial action...
there comes a time when the data are sufficient to justify action.
That time has come."
A Clear Correlation Between TV
Violence And Aggressive Behavior
UCLA Center for Communication Policy
Television Violence Monitoring Project:
Although research has continued over the past decade, the overall
conclusions have changed little. While skeptics remain, most social
scientists find the evidence from so many studies compelling. Taken
together, the many different studies point to a statistically
significant connection between watching violence on television and
behaving aggressively. In 1992, the American Psychological
Association issued a report entitled "Big World, Small Screen: The
Role of Television in American Society." The report concluded that:
"The accumulated research clearly demonstrates a correlation between
viewing violence and aggressive behavior. Children and adults who
watch a large number of aggressive programs also tend to hold
attitudes and values that favor the use of violence."
The Blindness of Media Addiction
One talks about 'meaningful' 'informative' TV
programs - and never has the revelation that all that entertainment
justification bullshit is merely a composite rationale to support
his Media Addiction.
TV is the crack-cocaine of media
addiction. Many people hunger so desperately for the cathode ray fix
that they mainline it 365 nights a year. Like Roseanne Arnold's
stupidity, they crave something they can understand. Media
intoxicates some with the delusion that they thereby participate in
the affairs of the world. Serious television watchers are consuming
a light-wave drug that will eventually give them electronic cancer
of the soul.
Who in a moment of energy and creative
conception ever turns on a TV? You want to 'relax' then you say???
Doesn't MATTER what your Rationale is for using this electronic
narcotic - you are addicted. And how often does the addict admit it
or even See it?
So what's the real-deal here then? It's this: TV is a totally
PASSIVE and tiredness-indulging activity.
The NET is NOT a passive activity. So am I saying that if we are going
to have addiction, an Active addict is better? You bet. If you wish to do something - do it. If
you wish relief and rest -
then do sleep, do reading. .... but don't allow TV to be done to
TV is PASSIVE - and it requires you to be Passive. It's
entertainment fare is addiction-entertaiment at the Lowest common
denominator; it is Chock full of the Psychological Submission
attitudes and subliminals that the present controllers of this
American-society-cult want you to be under the compulsion of. And
WHEN you turn it on - it is inevitably at the time that you are your
most hypnotically subjective, your most psychologically vulnerable.
There is some fool in all of us. The more TV you watch the
more fool is in you. TV makes you a fool who can only see yourself as
smart, cosmopolitan and au currant - in other words: an utter fool.
Many things are stealing your life: TV is one of them.
"Children cannot learn to read by watching television. Television is just
background noise and a distraction."
-- First Lady Laura Bush during the Republican National Convention in
Philadelphia, July, 2000
Passive In Bbody And Mind
"...scientists who study brain-wave activity found that the longer
one watches television, the more likely the brain will slip into
'alpha' level: a slow, steady brain-wave pattern in which the mind is
in its most receptive mode. It is a non-cognitive mode; i.e.,
information can be place into the mind *directly*, without viewer
participation. . . . Australian University researchers call this a
kind of 'sleep-teaching'. . . .
There are many reasons why the brain slips into this passive-
receptive alpha condition. One reason is the lack of eye movement
when watching TV, because of the small size of the screen. Sitting at
a normal distance, the eye can gather most of the image without
scanning the screen for it. The image comes in whole. This lack of
*seeking* images disrupts the normal association between eye movement
and thought simulation, which is a genetically provided safety valve
for human beings. . . .
A second factor causing the brain to slip into alpha-wave activity
is that, with the eyes not moving and the screen flickering on and off
sixty times per second, an effective hypnosis is induced, . . .
I think the third factor is the most important. The information on
the TV screen - the images - come at their own speed, outside of the
viewer's control; an image *stream*. One doesn't 'pull out' and
contemplate TV images, as if they were still photographs or images
described in a written passage. If you attempted to do that you would
fall behind the image stream. So there are two choices: surrender to
the images, or withdraw from the experience. But if you are going to
watch television (or film) at all, you *must* allow the images to
enter you at their own speed. So the nature of the experience makes
you passive to its process, in body and mind. . . . "
From "In the Absence of the Sacred," by Jerry Mander
Television, Violence, and Children
Author: Carla Kalin
Master of Science, Synthesis Paper, June, 1997
Dept. Educational Leadership, Technology, and Administration
College of Education, University of Oregon
"The setting for my first four years of teaching was a school of 1,400
students in the inner city of Oakland, California. One of the many
challenges I faced as one of the eight kindergarten teachers on staff was
attempting to curb the violent and aggressive behavior of my students.
I determined that television programs served as a springboard for violent
and aggressive recess behavior.
Although the students' social skills did improve, I did not
win my battle against the Power Rangers. It was a constant struggle and
one which, looking back, I believe confused my students. What was so
wrong with doing what they saw on TV?
I took a two-year hiatus from teaching to pursue a masters degree.
I framed some key questions upon which to focus my research:
How much television do children watch? How much televised violence do
children watch? Is there research evidence of a link between TV violence
and aggressive behavior in children? If so, what can parents and educators
do? The following are the results of my investigation, which took the form
of library research and interviews with six elementary school teachers.
The amount of time that
American children spend watching TV is astounding: an average of four
hours a day, 28 hours a week, 2,400 hours a year, nearly 18,000 hours by the
time they graduate from high school (Chen, 1994, p.23)
American children spend more time watching TV than
any other activity, besides sleeping (Chen, 1994). By the time the average
American child is six, she will spend more time watching TV than talking
to her father in her lifetime (Devore, 1994, p.16).
By the time a poor child graduates from high school, he
or she may have watched as many as 22,000 hours of TV (Sweet & Singh,
Does TV teach? Those who spend billions of dollars on television
advertising seem to believe television has an impact. If commercials teach,
is there any reason to believe that television programs do not?
spending Saturday morning in front of the television will most likely be
learning about violence, consumerism, and stereotypes. To borrow a phrase
from the video documentary TV,Violence and Youth, "Violence is a major
course in TV's curriculum."
The level of violence
in prime time television is about 5 violent acts per hour, whereas the level
of violence in children's Saturday morning programming is about 20 to 25
violent acts per hour (Sweet & Singh, p.2).
American television is the most violent in the world (Chen, p.47).
The word "action" is practically synonymous with violence on TV. The
typical American child witnesses 12,000 violent acts on television per year.
"In 1986, there were 43 hours of war cartoons weekly. In war cartoons there
are about 48 violent acts per hour, with murder or attempted murder
occurring almost once every minute" (Devore, p.18). The average American
child will see 8,000 simulated murders before s/he finishes elementary
school (Walsh, p.1).
The Center for Media and Public
Affairs recently surveyed a day's TV programming in Washington D.C. They
identified 1,846 violent scenes. The most violent periods were between 6 to
9 a.m. with 497 violent scenes and between 2 to 5 p.m. with 609 violent
scenes. These are the times of highest TV viewing by children. (Murray,
p.2). "Children are considered more vulnerable to these violent portrayals
because they are in the early stages of developing behavior patterns,
attitudes and values about social interaction" (Berry & Asamen, 1993, p. 13).
Given the heavy diet of
TV violence, is there a relationship between TV viewing and the rising
crime rate? One million people die annually in the U.S. as the result of
homicide or suicide. The leading cause of death (1992) for teen-age boys,
black and white, is homicide, specifically gunshot wounds.
arrest rates for boys ages 14 to 17 steadily increased from a level of 0.4
percent in 1950 to a level of 13.2 percent in 1990. Homicides for white
males ages 15 to 24 in 1960 were reported at the rate of 5.9 per 100,000, and
steadily increased to 19.9 per 100,000. (Copyrighted 1997 by Carla Kalin)
Non-white males in this age group are notably at risk. In 1960 there were
43.7 homicide victims per 100,000 non-white males; by 1990 the rate was to
109.1 per 100,000 (Shannon, p.3).
thousands of studies have pointed to a
causal relationship between TV violence and real life crime. In the mid
1980's, FBI reports showed that crimes committed by children, the poor, and
women had increased by over 300 percent since 1950. Although crime has
multiple causes, researchers have found that people in these groups tend to
watch more TV than other people do. Dr. Leonard Eron of the University of
Illinois studied 400 viewers for 22 years. His research found that people
who had watched the most violent TV between birth and age 8 had
committed the most serious crimes by age 30 (Megee, 1984).
The U.S. Surgeon General initiated an investigation of TV violence in 1972.
The investigators concluded that "the causal relationship between televised
violence and antisocial behavior is sufficient to warrant appropriate and
immediate remedial action" (Megee, 1984). A second investigation was
conducted by the National Institute for Mental Health in 1982. The survey
repeated and amplified the conclusion reached 10 years earlier, that there is
a causal connection between televised violence and true life aggression
Three primary types of harmful effects associated with viewing violence
appeared repeatedly in the course of my review of the research literature.
These are the same three effects identified by the Mediascope National
Television Violence Study:
Learning aggressive attitudes and behaviors.
Pearl of the National Institute of Mental Health argues that "television tells
people to be violent" (Devore, p.21). Because heavy viewers watch so many
violent acts on television, they come to see violence as a normal and
accepted way of life. These people are the ones who use violence more
often and more quickly in their lives (Devore, p.21).
A recent study investigated the effects of the popular children's program,
"The Mighty Morphin Power Rangers" on aggression. It found that young
children in a group who watched a televised Power Rangers episode
committed seven times more aggressive acts in a subsequent two-minute
play period than did a control group (Boyatizis, 1995, p.53). In fact, studies
following groups of children over long periods of time indicate that
perpetual heavy doses of violent television during childhood contribute to
violent behavior into adulthood (Featherstone, 1985, p.3).
Becoming desensitized to real world violence.
Developing a fear of being victimized by violence (also
known as the "Mean World Syndrome).
A few researchers and theorists have claimed that televised violence does
not have negative effects. Seymour Feshbach in the early 1970's, proposed
that viewing violence on TV provides an opportunity for the discharge, or
conclusions, however, differ from the bulk of the research findings. The
accumulated experimental findings on the effects of TV violence do not
support the catharsis theory and conclusions (Report to the Surgeon General,
p.107, Fowles, p. 124).
"Parents have to realize that there is a stranger in your house. If
you came home and you found a strange man...teaching your
kids to punch each other, or trying to sell them all kinds of
products, you'd kick him right out of the house. But here you
are; you come in and the TV is on; and you don't think twice
about it. -Dr. Jerom Singer, Yale University." (Chen, p.29)
In his book Taming the Wild Tube, Robert L. Schrag
"Free access to television programs is not a feature of the Bill of
Rights. Children do not have a inalienable right to watch sleazy
TV...There are a lot of programs out there, sleazy and otherwise,
that are just not suitable for children. You would not hesitate to
control your children's access to substances that might harm
them: drugs, alcohol, tobacco, twinkies, etc. You need not
hesitate to control their exposure to television programs you
deem objectionable either." (Schrag, 1990 p.42)
Berry, G. L. & Asamen, J. K. (1993). Children and Television; Images in a
Changing Sociocultural World. London: Sage Publications.
Boyatizis, C. J. (1995). "Effects of the `The Mighty Morphin Power Rangers'
on Children's Aggression with Peers." Child Study Journal v25 n1 p45-55.
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Kill Your Television
The Impact of Television